Classics & Scholarly Works


de Maupassant, Guy. (2007). The Horla and other stories. Gardners Books.

Le Fanu, J. S. (1872). Carmilla. In a glass darkly. London: R. Bentley.

Carmilla, published in 1872, is considered to be one of the classics of vampire literature. Though not sexually explicit, there are clear lesbian elements in the dynamic between Laura and Carmilla, as well as in Carmilla’s predilection for lovely young female victims.

Musaus, J. K. A., La Motte-Fouque, F. H. K., & Tieck, J. L. (1823). Wake not the dead. Popular tales and romances of the northern nations. London: Printed for W. Simpkin and R. Marshall [etc.]. [full text]

Johann Ludwig Tieck’s tale, Wake Not the Dead, chronicles the love of Walter for Brunhilda who is taken from him through her early death. Though he takes Swanhilda to wife, Walter is yet miserable. A sorcerer hears Walter’s lamentations and offers to bring Brunhilda back, though he cautions against doing so. Walter will not be swayed and the sorcerer brings her back to life. Swanhilda senses something wrong, but Walter dismisses her concerns and banishes her to reinstate Brunhilda. Brunhilda brings nothing but horror to the once-happy halls, sucking the life from children, young men and young women, but in his passion, Walter is blind to it all until he nearly dies at her hands. He curses her back to the grave, but he is doomed to further misfortune as the new woman he takes to wife turns out to be a serpent.

Rymer, J. M., & Prest, T. P. (2007). Varney, the vampire: Or, The feast of blood. Crestline, CA: Zittaw Press. [full text]

Varney the Vampyre is a classic vampire tale of an astonishing length–237 chapters.

Stephens, J. R. (Ed.). (1997). Vampires, wine & roses. New York: Berkley Books.

From snippets of poetry, to songs, to comedy bits and short stories and novel excerpts, this collection assembles a wide array of literary explorations of the metaphorical and literal vampire. Included in the collection are poems by Baudelaire and Keats, an essay by Voltaire, and stories by Poe, Dumas, and Kipling.

Stoker, B. (2008). The new annotated Dracula (L. S. Klinger, Ed.). New York: W.W. Norton & Co.

Klinger wasn’t playing around when he included the word “annotated” in the title of this time. The annotations are exhaustive (and, honestly, somewhat exhausting) and point out various inconsistencies in the narrative, cultural norms and practices of the era, notes on differences present in the manuscript, and much more. There are also a plethora of images, including movie stills, maps, book covers from several editions, and engravings. With an extensive bibliography at the end, this edition of Dracula is truly intended for the scholar or enthusiast, as its lengthy sidenotes will swiftly weed out the casual reader.

Walpole, H., Beckford, W., Polidori, J. W., Byron, G. G. B. (1966). Three gothic novels (E. F. Bleiler, Ed.). New York: Dover.

This collection contains three classics of the vampire genre: The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole, Vathek by William Beckford, The Vampyre by John Polidori, and a fragment of a novel by Lord Byron. Bleiler provides introductory commentary and context for each of the novels, with a brief mention of Byron’s fragment as well.


Scholarly Works:

Barber, P. (1988). Vampires, burial, and death: Folklore and reality. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Burns, B. (1995). Dracula’s Daughter: Cinema, hypnosis, and the erotics of lesbianism. In K. Jay (Ed.), Lesbian erotics (pp. 196-211). New York: NYU Press.

A scholarly essay on the female body and lesbianism in Dracula’s Daughter, the 1936 sequel to Bela Lugosi’s Dracula.

Gordon, J., & Hollinger, V. (1997). Blood read: The vampire as metaphor in contemporary culture. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

A collection of scholarly essays that look at different aspects of the vampire myth and the impact of that myth reflected through culture and literature.

Johnson, J. E. (1993, Winter). Women and vampires: Nightmare or utopia?. Kenyon Review, 15(1), 72-80. Retrieved November 12, 2008, from Academic Search Premier database.

Comparison of the female vampire as seductress versus the male vampire as rapist.

Keyworth, G. (2006, December). Was the Vampire of the Eighteenth Century a Unique Type of Undead-corpse?. Folklore, 117(3), 241-260. Retrieved November 12, 2008, doi:10.1080/00155870600928872

An in-depth examination of myths around the undead in Europe from the medieval era up until the 19th century.

McNally, R. T., & Florescu, R. (1994). In search of Dracula: The history of Dracula and vampires. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

The book begins with a lengthy examination of the myths around Dracula the man, his birth, life, battles against the Turks, his death and his family. McNally and Florescu move on to discuss Stoker’s Dracula and the media iterations of said novel. Includes a bibliography, filmography, and travel guide.

Rody, C. (2001). The daughter’s return: African-American and Caribbean women’s fictions of history. New York: Oxford University Press.

A discussion of several key works by black and minority ethnic women, including The Gilda Stories by Jewelle Gomez.

Saler, B., & Ziegler, C. A. (2005). Dracula and Carmilla: Monsters and the mind. Philosophy and Literature, 29 (1), 218-227.

Saler and Ziegler discuss the prototypical nature of Stoker’s Dracula in contrast to Sheridan Le Fanu’s Carmilla.

Schopp, A. (1997, Spring). Cruising the alternatives: Homoeroticism and the contemporary vampire. Journal of Popular Culture, 30(4), 231-243. Retrieved November 12, 2008, from Academic Search Premier database.

Discussion of the vampire as perpetual “other,” and how the vampire’s sexual and social otherness echoes the gay experience.

Thorne, T. (1999). Children of the night: Of vampires and vampirism. London: Indigo.

Thorne discusses the presence and essence of the vampire in historical and contemporary contexts.

Le Fanu, J. S. (1970). Carmilla & The haunted baronet. New York, N.Y.: Paperback Library.

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